Cigars are comprised of surprisingly few component parts. Unlike cigarettes, which usually have filters, two distinct kinds and colors of paper, and filler ingredients other than tobacco, cigars are all tobacco. What makes one cigar so different from another is the type of tobacco, where it’s grown, when the leaves are chosen, how the chosen leaves are fermented and treated, and how the finished leaves are cut and rolled. Because cigars are made in so many regions of the world, there is a diverse range of product, as you’d expect.
The outermost layer of cigars is known as the wrapper. It’s made from the widest part of the tobacco leaves, and it has a big impact on the cigar’s flavor and aroma. Cigar wrappers vary in color, and since the wrapper color is what is most visible, cigars are often described by the wrapper colour. Here’s a list, from lightest to darkest:
- Claro: light-brown or yellowish-brown color, which is the consequence of tobacco plants grown mostly in colour.
- Natural: light-brown or brown.
- Colorado Claro: medium-brown; most often related to Cuban or Dominican Republic professional bat removal.
- Colorado (or Rosado): reddish-brown.
- Oscuro: quite dark-brown to greasy black; typically exudes a pungent odor and deeper flavor.
Cigars are composed largely of whats called filler tobacco. Cigars may have filler comprised of three primary types: Seco, Volado, and Ligero. Cigars with Seco filler are drier and have a lighter flavor. Volado filler produces a mid-range of taste. Ligero is the darkest, oiliest filler, producing cigars with lots of bold flavors and aromatic smoke.
1 reason to choose milder cigars (Churchills or Double Coronas, for example) is that these cigars obviously have more space for filler tobacco. This provides the cigar maker the ability to include blends of Seco, Volado, and Ligero varieties. You will find that these bigger cigars generally produce more varied and complex flavor combinations.
Filler is either whats known as short or long. Typically, cigars with long filler are of premium quality.
However, the better quality cigars youll find on the market use another component binders. Binders are an intermediate layer of more elastic tobacco leaves that help cigars hold the filler material together in a more cohesive way.